Estimated reading time – 7 minutes
Nikolay Nikolayevich Miklouho-Maclay made Russian and world history by being an outstanding scientist, traveler, philosopher, and social activist. ‘The only goals of my life are advantage and success of science, and welfare of humanity’ – N. Miklouho-Maclay said. Researching a wide range of natural sciences, he significantly contributed to different areas of scientific studies. In the sphere of physical anthropology and ethnology, N. Miklouho-Maclay was the first who discovered the natives of the northeast coast of New Guinea Island (Maclay Coast) to the outside world. He lived about 30 months among the locals, studying their anthropological type, material culture, economy, and social life. By his studies, N. Miklouho-Maclay proved inconsistency of racist theories, which considered Papuans as the medium stage between humans and animals. Moreover, due to his patience, kindness, compassion and courage the scientist earned love, respect and admiration from locals of New Guinea Islands. As traveler and naturalist, N. Miklouho-Maclay made history by being not only remarkable ethnographer, but also zoologist, oceanographer, volcanologist and meteorologist.